(Answered) NURS 6512 Week 7 Discussion; Assessing the Heart, Lungs, and Peripheral Vascular System


NURS 6512 Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest cause of death worldwide. Accounting for 610,000 deaths annually (CDC, 2017), CVD frequently goes unnoticed until it is too late. Early detection and prevention measures can save the lives of many patients who have CVD. Conducting an assessment of the heart, lungs, and peripheral vascular system is one of the first steps that can be taken to detect CVD and many more conditions that may occur in the thorax or chest area.

This week, you will evaluate abnormal findings in the area of the chest and lungs. In addition, you will appraise health assessment techniques and diagnoses for the heart, lungs, and peripheral vascular system.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Evaluate abnormal cardiac and respiratory findings
  • Apply concepts, theories, and principles relating to health assessment techniques and diagnoses for the heart, lungs, and peripheral vascular system

Learning Resources

Required Readings

Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2019). Seidel’s guide to physical examination: An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

  • Chapter 14, “Chest and Lungs”

This chapter explains the physical exam process for the chest and lungs. The authors also include descriptions of common abnormalities in the chest and lungs.

  • Chapter 15, “Heart”

The authors of this chapter explain the structure and function of the heart. The text also describes the steps used to conduct an exam of the heart.

  • Chapter 16, “Blood Vessels”

This chapter describes how to properly conduct a physical examination of the blood vessels. The chapter also supplies descriptions of common heart disorders.

Colyar, M. R. (2015). Advanced practice nursing procedures. Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.

  • Chapter 107, “X-Ray Interpretation: Chest (pp. 480–487) (previously read in Week 6; specifically focus on pp. 480–481)

Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2019). Advanced health assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

Credit Line: Advanced Health Assessment and Clinical Diagnosis in Primary Care, 6th Edition by Dains, J.E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. Copyright 2019 by Mosby. Reprinted by permission of Mosby via the Copyright Clearance Center.

  • Chapter 8, “Chest Pain”

This chapter focuses on diagnosing the cause of chest pain and highlights the importance of first determining whether the patient is in a life-threatening condition. It includes questions that can help pinpoint the type and severity of pain and then describes how to perform a physical examination. Finally, the authors outline potential laboratory and diagnostic studies.

  • Chapter 11, “Cough”

A cough is a very common symptom in patients and usually indicates a minor health problem. This chapter focuses on how to determine the cause of the cough by asking questions and performing a physical exam.

  • Chapter 14, “Dyspnea”

The focus of this chapter is dyspnea, or shortness of breath. The chapter includes strategies for determining the cause of the problem through evaluation of the patient’s history, through physical examination, and through additional laboratory and diagnostic tests.

  • Chapter 26, “Palpitations”

This chapter describes the different causes of heart palpitations and details how the specific cause in a patient can be determined.

  • Chapter 33, “Syncope”

This chapter focuses on syncope, or loss of consciousness. The authors describe the difficulty of ascertaining the cause, because the patient is usually seen after the loss of consciousness has happened. The chapter includes information on potential causes and the symptoms of each



Scenario 2:

Patient Initials: H    Age:    60yo    Gender:     Male     Ethnicity:                                    Caucasian

Subjective Data:

CC: Chest pain with shortness of breath.

HPI: Mr. H is a 60-year-old Caucasian male who presents to the clinic today with right sided chest pain along with shortness of breath times two days. The pain is described as constant, “sharp”, and worsens when taking a deep breath. He rates his pain a 7/10 on severity. He states, “I just wish I could get a deep breath” and “it feels like my heart is racing”. Additional symptoms reported is a cough with bloody sputum in the AM. Prior to these symptoms starting Mr. H reports a recent trip requiring him to sit on a plane for eight hours. In addition to the chest pain and shortness of breath he reports his wife noticed that his right leg was swollen and a “little red” he does not recall any acute injury.

Current Medications:






Soc Hx:

Current smoker. Denies ETOH abuse. Denies Illicit drug abuse. Married to his spouse.………please click the icon below to purchase full answer at $10