(Answered) NURS 6501N-24 Week 6 Midterm Exam; Module 4


NURS 6501 Advanced Pathophysiology

  1. Question: Which gastric hormone inhibits acid and pepsinogen secretion, as well as decreases the release of gastrin?
  2. Question: What is the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)?
  3. Question: If a patient develops acidosis, the nurse would expect the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve to react in which manner?
  4. Question: A patient had a thyroidectomy and now reports tingling around the mouth and has a positive Chvostek sign. What laboratory finding would be most helpful to the healthcare professional?
  5. Question: Oxygenated blood flows through which vessel?
  6. Question: A Rh-negative woman gave birth to a Rh-positive baby. When discussing Rho[D] immunoglobulin with her, what information should the healthcare professional provide?
  7. Question: What is the inflammatory effect of nitric oxide (NO)?
  8. Question: A patient is having a spirometry measurement done and asks the healthcare professional to explain this test. What response by the professional is best?
  9. Question: Under anaerobic conditions, what process provides energy for the cell?
  10. Question: Which patient would the healthcare professional assess for other signs of thyrotoxic crisis?
  11. Question: What is the blood type of a person who is heterozygous, having A and B alleles as codominant?
  12. Question: A patient has a serum sodium level of 165 mEq/L. The healthcare professional explains that the clinical manifestations of confusion, convulsions, cerebral hemorrhage, and coma are caused by what mechanism?
  13. Question: People diagnosed with neurofibromatosis have varying degrees of the condition because of which genetic principle?
  14. Question: How does progressive nephron injury affect angiotensin II activity?
  15. Question: The glomerular filtration rate is directly related to which factor?
  16. Question: A professor has taught a student about skeletal alterations seen in chronic kidney disease. Which statement by the student indicates the professor needs to give more information?
  17. Question: What causes the edema that occurs during the inflammatory process?
  18. Question: A patient has a history of excessive use of magnesium-containing antacids and aluminum-containing antacids. What lab value does the healthcare professional correlate to this behavior?
  19. Question: Which hormone is required for water to be reabsorbed in the distal tubule and collecting duct?
  20. Question: A patient suffered multiple traumatic injuries and received many blood transfusions within a few days of the injuries. For which medical condition should the healthcare professional monitor the patient for?
  21. Question: It has been determined that a patient’s tumor is in stage 2. How does the healthcare professional describe this finding to the patient?
  22. Question: A student studying biology asks the professor to describe how the ras gene is involved in cancer proliferation. What explanation by the professor is best?
  23. Question: The healthcare professional explains to a student that the amount of volume of blood in the heart is directly related to the _____ of contraction.
  24. Question: A healthcare professional is conducting community education on vaccinations. Which statement about vaccines does the professional include in the presentation?
  25. Question: Phagocytosis involves neutrophils actively attacking, engulfing, and destroying which microorganisms?
  26. Question: What are tumor cell markers?
  27. Question: What physical sign does the healthcare professional relate to the result of turbulent blood flow through a vessel?
  28. Question: During acidosis, the body compensates for the increase in serum hydrogen ions by shifting hydrogen ions into the cell in exchange for which electrolyte?
  29. Question: Which statement made by a student indicates the healthcare professional needs to describe the pericardium again?
  30. Question: The student asks the professor to explain what characteristic is demonstrated by lungs with decreased compliance?
  31. Question: A patient has been diagnosed with primary emphysema but claims there is no history of smoking. What action by the healthcare professional is most appropriate?
  32. Question: A student asks the professor to explain what effect natriuretic peptides have during heart failure when the heart dilates. Which response by the professor is best?
  33. Question: Surfactant produced by type II alveolar cells facilitates alveolar distention and ventilation by which mechanism?
  34. Question: A patient’s chart indicates Kussmaul respirations. The student asks the healthcare professional what this is caused by. What response by the professional is most accurate?
  35. Question: The acute inflammatory response is characterized by fever that is produced by the hypothalamus being affected by what?
  36. Question: In regulating vascular mediators released from mast cells, the role of eosinophils is to release what?
  37. Question: What is the only surface inside the nephron where cells are covered with microvilli to increase the reabsorptive surface area called?
  38. Question: What is the second most commonly recognized genetic cause of intellectual disability?
  39. Question: The healthcare professional working with older adults teaches general infection-prevention measures as a priority for this age group due to which change in lymphocyte function?
  40. Question: A healthcare professional wants to determine the adequacy of a person’s alveolar ventilation. What assessment finding is most important for the professional to consider?
  41. Question: An amniocentesis indicates a neural tube defect when an increase in which protein is evident?
  42. Question: What part of the kidney controls renal blood flow, glomerular filtration, and renin secretion?
  43. Question: A healthcare professional is assessing a child who has complete trisomy of the twenty-first chromosome. What findings does the professional relate to this condition?
  44. Question: Which cAMP-mediated response is related to antidiuretic hormone?
  45. Question: A healthcare professional is educating a patient about asthma. The professional states that good control is necessary due to which pathophysiologic process?
  46. Question: A patient asks the healthcare professional to describe the cause of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). What response by the professional is best?
  47. Question: A person has hypothyroidism. What chemical does the healthcare professional advise the person to include in the diet?
  48. Question: What are blood pressure variations associated with?
  49. Question: A patient is having an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction. What action by the healthcare professional is best?
  50. Question: Why is leakage of lysosomal enzymes during chemical injuries significant?
  51. Question: A patient has been diagnosed with an empyema. What does the healthcare professional tell the patient about this condition?
  52. Question: A healthcare professional cares for older adults in a skilled nursing facility. What should the professional assess for in these individuals related to cardiovascular functioning?
  53. Question: What is the most important cause of pulmonary artery constriction?
  54. ..
  55. ….101. When completing this exam, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity?

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